A Crash Course in Drinking Beer in Australia

As you probably already know, beer in Australia is a pretty big deal. It is one of the most popular alcoholic drinks across the country. If you have a mind to join the locals in downing a few amber ales while you are here, the tips in this guide will help you figure out how to order and most importantly what to drink.

You probably already have an image in your head of the typical Australian drinking a cold glass of beer down the local pub. According to recent polls, although wine is most popular amongst casual drinkers, in terms of sheer volume, beer comes out on top.

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Ordering a beer in Australia is (perhaps unsurprisingly) a lot like ordering a beer in most other countries. A quick monetary transaction sees you a glass of amber liquid getting poured from the tap. But there are a few little details typical to Australia.

The first thing to cover is Australian beer serving sizes:

  • When ordering a beer in Sydney, the typical glass size is 425mls and is called a “schooner”. Most of the time you don’t have to ask for a schooner, it’s the default size and if you simply nominate the type of beer you want from the tap, a schooner is likely what you’ll receive.
  • If you’re feeling thirstier, you can order a pint, which in Sydney amounts to 570mls. Some places might not use pint glasses, but other places offer deals that can see you pick up a cheap pint with another drink or a meal from the kitchen.
  • The other main drink size is the middy, weighing in at 285mls, this glass is for someone who’s fine with a taste but might have to drive home afterwards.
  • There are other sizes, like the boutique schmiddy that comes in 350mls and is used mostly for craft or foreign beers, the seven (200mls) which is mostly used for spirits, and the diminutive pony (140mls) which this writer has never actually seen served.
Australian Beer Sizes
Popular Australian beer sizes

Annoyingly, this system is not a national one. While you can expect these names to correspond to the according glass sizes across the whole of New South Wales, once you start travelling interstate, things get more complicated.

Prepare yourself for some confusion!

  • In South Australia, the name schooner is used for a 285ml glass that a Sydneysider would call a middy, while what Sydneysiders dub a schooner, Adelaide locals call a pint.
  • In Western Australia the 425ml schooner is not a standard drink size, with inhabitants of that city opting to drink 570ml pints instead, it’s said that the same is increasingly true in Melbourne.
  • In Tasmania, a middy (285ml) is called a “seven”
  • In Queensland, what’s called a middy below the border is called a pot in the Sunshine State, while a seven glass is confusingly just called a beer.
  • In the Northern Territory, a 285ml Middy is known as a handle.
NameSize State
Pony 140mlNSW, QLD, SA, VIC, WA
Middie*285mlAll states – called a Pot in VIC & (ACT – Half-Pint)
Schmiddy350ml NSW
Schooner425mlNSW ACT, NT, QLD, TAS, VIC, WA (SA a Pint)
Pint570mlACT, NSW, NT, QLD, TAS, VIC, WA
Bobbie 170mlWA

*285mls is the most popular size in the country

Another bit of Australian drinking culture that might be familiar is the concept of the “shout” the ritual by which Australians order consecutive rounds of drinks for one another. Some points of etiquette:

  • If you are shouted, it is important that you shout back when your turn comes
  • When selecting a drink during the shout, it’s very rude to go with something more expensive than what the others are drinking.
  • This little ritual is reciprocal, and not respecting that can earn you a sideways glance at best.
  • You will be pleased to know you can order your drinks in your normal speaking voice 😉
Pulling a beer from a tap

Like in any country, prices vary widely in Australia. Some bars are very expensive, others are cheap as chips. Australian beer prices are also geographic and mirror broader cost-of-living differences. Adelaide, for example, is said to offer cheaper beer while Sydney and Melbourne can be notorious for their high prices.

In 2023, the average beer in Sydney cost just under $9-10 which is quite steep, but you’ll be able to find cheaper beer in a cheaper bar for around $6-7.

Generally, mid-strength Australian beers, with an alcohol content between below 4% are cheaper than full strength ones (4-5%) as are lagers in general, but unless there’s a big line the bar staff will be more than likely to let you shop around.

In recent times there’s been an explosion in the popularity of more boutique beers, as the inner city is filled with wealthier drinkers with more particular tastes. Most bars will provide some of the more popular local craft and international import beers on tap.

There are also more niche places that serve beers from lesser-known breweries, though these, of course, come with a higher price tag.

To list all of these brands would take a very long time and is perhaps the topic for another article, but here is a selection of Australia’s most popular and upcoming beers, that you can try without too much trouble on your next trip to the harbour city.

Beer tasting paddle
Assorted Beers in a Flight Ready for Tasting

Toohey’s New

Toohey’s New is easily the most ubiquitous beer in Sydney. Available on tap all but everywhere, it’s probably the most popular beer in NSW where it began brewing way back in 1869.

A standard lager for the mass market, Toohey’s New comes in at 4.6% alcohol, is exactly what you might expect for its cheap price. But served ice cold after a long hard day, it’s as good as any other and better than quite a few.

Carlton Draught

Occupying the place in Victoria that Toohey’s does in New South Wales, Carlton Draught is now increasingly popular north of the border. A similar kind of beer with a similar price this standard lager tastes different to Toohey’s New, though you’d be hard-pressed to describe how.

Great for drinking in the wintertime over a game of AFL or whatever it is Melbournites like to do, Carlton Draught is a reliable and stalwart drop.

Victoria Bitter

Also from south of the border, Victoria Bitter or VB is probably one of Australia’s most iconic beers and along with Fosters fits in as a part of our national stereotype. But while you’d be hard-pressed finding a Fosters on tap anywhere, VB is far more common.

Though consumed in the privacy of one’s home away from judging eyes, VB can also be found on tap in most pubs, clubs and bars. What’s the difference between VB and all the other lagers? Not much, apart from what some might call a harsher flatter taste, it has a slightly higher alcohol content of 4.9%.


The last of what we might call the big four mass-market lagers, XXXX (pronounced Four-Ex) is from the great state of Queensland. This brand is heavily associated with the state’s sporting teams and a wide variety of unkind regional jokes.

Split into a full-strength pale lager, XXXX Bitter (4.4%) and a mid-strength variety XXXX Gold (3.5%), this beer has regularly been rated one of the most popular beers in the country, though don’t be surprised if you receive a gentle ribbing for drinking it in Deep Blue NSW.

Coopers Original Pale Ale

Favoured by South Australians and hipsters everywhere, the distinctive green label of Coopers Original Pale Ale is one of the most widely available pale ales on tap in Australia.

This cloudy and refreshing beer comes in a little more expensive than the mass-market lagers it sits beside, but for many, it’s worth the extra cost. Cooper’s Original Pale Ale eschews sharpness for a versatile drop that alienates neither Joe Blow or the connoisseur. It suits many different types of drinkers, many venues and many different occasions. Truly a great all-rounder.

James Squire 150 Lashes

Named after the convict that founded beer brewing in Australia, James Squire is the most prominent craft-y brewer on the market and next to Coopers sells some of the country’s most popular pale ales. 150 Lashes is a staple in that category and is a common fixture around the country.

With its uncontroversial style that limits fruitiness, it does something similar to Coopers in being available to a wide range of drinkers. That said, it leans more towards the craft side than its South Australia cousin.

Furphy Refreshing Ale

Recently emerging from the big but still comfortably boutique Little Creatures label, Furphy Refreshing Ale has had a sharp rise to prominence in licensed venues and although hardly ubiquitous, is no longer a niche and uncommon brew.

A great synthesis between craft and market styles at an affordable price, a few Furphys go down great on a summer’s day and are sure to please all the lads.

Iron Jack Lager

A light watery and crisp lager, Iron Jack, is another up and comer in the Australian brewing scene. Marketing itself as perfectly suited to Australia’s dry conditions, Iron Jack is very easy to drink though probably lacking in taste as far as beer gourmands are concerned.

Available in mid and full strength, it’s increasingly served on tap in many Australian pubs and is sure to quench a dry throat after a hot day in the sun.

Young Henry’s Newtowner

A newcomer to the scene and a wildcard to throw into an otherwise quite well-known selection, the Newtowner by Young Henry is a pale ale designed to mark the 150th anniversary of the label’s home, the trendy inner-city suburb of Newtown.

A little more expensive than the other beers listed here it’ll also be a little harder to find on tap. But with a great blend of Australian malts that’s not afraid to get a little more bitter and a little fruitier, it’ll surely be worth the search.

If you want to learn more about the Sydney Beer scene, particularly craft beers, or if you would like some amber ale while you learn more about the history of Sydney, then read on…

Lord Nelson Hotel 2022
The Lord Nelson in the Rocks

The Rocks Pub Tour

One of the most popular beer tours in Sydney, this one visits four historic pubs (bars) in the city’s oldest quarter. The 2.5-hour tour includes plenty of Sydney history as well as details on Sydney’s craft beer scene, four drinks (beer, wine or soft drink), and a pre or post-tour meal at one of the pubs you visit.

The guides are entertaining and very knowledgeable. If there are four or more of you, you can book a private tour.

Balmain Historic Pub Tour

Balmain has the highest ratio of pubs to people in the country. This 3-hour walking tour is great for learning more about the culture of Sydney. It has been home to gangsters, Olympians, politicians and plenty of larrikins.

On this tour, you will visit at least 4 pubs, and hear many entertaining stories of murder and intrigue.

Marrickville Brewery Tour

Over the last decade, Marrickville in inner western Sydney has emerged as a brewing hot spot. Another 3-hr guided walking brewery tour on this one you will visit three local craft breweries of Marrickville in what is known as the golden triangle of Marrickville. The breweries visited depends on the day but include Batch Brewing, Grifter, Hawke Brewing Co., Philter, Stockade Brew Co, Sauce and Wildflower Brewing and Blending. A must for craft beer lovers!

We have also created a self guided Marrickville Brewery walk if you prefer your independence.

Northern Beaches Brewery Tour

Lots of visitors don’t spend much time on the northern beaches and that is a shame because it’s a great part of the city. This small bus tour will take you from Manly to Mona Vale, stopping at 4 breweries along the way. You will get a behind-the-scenes tour at each brewery. The tour price includes lunch, snacks and plenty of tastings.

See our detailed guide to Brewery Tours in Sydney

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About the Author
Nathan Morgan-Hammer is a 26-year-old writer currently living in Newcastle, just north of Sydney. Between reading history, socialising with friends and exploring the great outdoors, he likes to write articles that help people better understand the world they live in.

2 thoughts on “A Crash Course in Drinking Beer in Australia”

  1. Ordering beer in Australia seems a little intimidating. Thanks for clearing things up. I will definitely read it whenever I visit Australia.

  2. Good afternoon! Very interesting traditions, as a person who does not know much about beer culture in Australia, I was very interested to learn about local traditions. Visiting various bars in Australia, I have never seen anyone take a beer in a pony. I think it’s still a very rare thing to serve beer like that. You can quickly get used to the constant screaming in pubs, but for the first time it looks scary. Thank you for sharing this interesting information, have a nice day!

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